ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-3/W4, 1-8, 2015
http://www.isprs-ann-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/II-3-W4/1/2015/
doi:10.5194/isprsannals-II-3-W4-1-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
11 Mar 2015
EFFICIENT USE OF VIDEO FOR 3D MODELLING OF CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS
B. Alsadik1,2, M. Gerke2, and G. Vosselman2 1University of Baghdad, College of engineering, Department of surveying, Baghdad, Iraq
2University of Twente, ITC Faculty, EOS department, Enschede, The Netherlands
Keywords: video image sequence, 3D modelling, minimal camera network, blur detection Abstract. Currently, there is a rapid development in the techniques of the automated image based modelling (IBM), especially in advanced structure-from-motion (SFM) and dense image matching methods, and camera technology. One possibility is to use video imaging to create 3D reality based models of cultural heritage architectures and monuments. Practically, video imaging is much easier to apply when compared to still image shooting in IBM techniques because the latter needs a thorough planning and proficiency. However, one is faced with mainly three problems when video image sequences are used for highly detailed modelling and dimensional survey of cultural heritage objects. These problems are: the low resolution of video images, the need to process a large number of short baseline video images and blur effects due to camera shake on a significant number of images.

In this research, the feasibility of using video images for efficient 3D modelling is investigated. A method is developed to find the minimal significant number of video images in terms of object coverage and blur effect. This reduction in video images is convenient to decrease the processing time and to create a reliable textured 3D model compared with models produced by still imaging.

Two experiments for modelling a building and a monument are tested using a video image resolution of 1920×1080 pixels. Internal and external validations of the produced models are applied to find out the final predicted accuracy and the model level of details. Related to the object complexity and video imaging resolution, the tests show an achievable average accuracy between 1 – 5 cm when using video imaging, which is suitable for visualization, virtual museums and low detailed documentation.

Conference paper (PDF, 2195 KB)


Citation: Alsadik, B., Gerke, M., and Vosselman, G.: EFFICIENT USE OF VIDEO FOR 3D MODELLING OF CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-3/W4, 1-8, doi:10.5194/isprsannals-II-3-W4-1-2015, 2015.

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