ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-3/W4, 263-270, 2015
http://www.isprs-ann-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/II-3-W4/263/2015/
doi:10.5194/isprsannals-II-3-W4-263-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
11 Mar 2015
MULTI-SCALE BASED EXTRACION OF VEGETATION FROM TERRESTRIAL LiDAR DATA FOR ASSESSING LOCAL LANDSCAPE
T. Wakita and J. Susaki Department of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan
Keywords: Vegetation, Terrestrial LiDAR, Urban area, Multi-scale analysis, Landscape Abstract. In this study, we propose a method to accurately extract vegetation from terrestrial three-dimensional (3D) point clouds for estimating landscape index in urban areas. Extraction of vegetation in urban areas is challenging because the light returned by vegetation does not show as clear patterns as man-made objects and because urban areas may have various objects to discriminate vegetation from. The proposed method takes a multi-scale voxel approach to effectively extract different types of vegetation in complex urban areas. With two different voxel sizes, a process is repeated that calculates the eigenvalues of the planar surface using a set of points, classifies voxels using the approximate curvature of the voxel of interest derived from the eigenvalues, and examines the connectivity of the valid voxels. We applied the proposed method to two data sets measured in a residential area in Kyoto, Japan. The validation results were acceptable, with F-measures of approximately 95% and 92%. It was also demonstrated that several types of vegetation were successfully extracted by the proposed method whereas the occluded vegetation were omitted. We conclude that the proposed method is suitable for extracting vegetation in urban areas from terrestrial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data. In future, the proposed method will be applied to mobile LiDAR data and the performance of the method against lower density of point clouds will be examined.
Conference paper (PDF, 1663 KB)


Citation: Wakita, T. and Susaki, J.: MULTI-SCALE BASED EXTRACION OF VEGETATION FROM TERRESTRIAL LiDAR DATA FOR ASSESSING LOCAL LANDSCAPE, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-3/W4, 263-270, doi:10.5194/isprsannals-II-3-W4-263-2015, 2015.

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