ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., III-8, 181-189, 2016
07 Jun 2016
Tullio Joseph Tanzi1,2, Madhu Chandra3,4, Jean Isnard2, Daniel Camara5,2, Olivier Sebastien6,2, and Fanilo Harivelo6 1Institut Mines-Telecom, Telecom ParisTech, LTCI CNRS, France
2URSI France Commission
3Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany
4URSI Germany Commission
5Criminal Intelligence Service of the French Gendarmerie (STRJD), France
6LIM – Univ. de la Réunion, France
Keywords: Humanitarian, Autonomy, UAV, Communications Abstract. Information plays a key role in crisis management and relief efforts for natural disaster scenarios. Given their flight properties, UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) provide new and interesting perspectives on the data gathering for disaster management. A new generation of UAVs may help to improve situational awareness and information assessment. Among the advantages UAVs may bring to the disaster management field, we can highlight the gain in terms of time and human resources, as they can free rescue teams from time-consuming data collection tasks and assist research operations with more insightful and precise guidance thanks to advanced sensing capabilities. However, in order to be useful, UAVs need to overcome two main challenges. The first one is to achieve a sufficient autonomy level, both in terms of navigation and interpretation of the data sensed. The second major challenge relates to the reliability of the UAV, with respect to accidental (safety) or malicious (security) risks.

This paper first discusses the potential of UAV in assisting in different humanitarian relief scenarios, as well as possible issues in such situations. Based on recent experiments, we discuss the inherent advantages of autonomous flight operations, both lone flights and formation flights. The question of autonomy is then addressed and a secure embedded architecture and its specific hardware capabilities is sketched out.

We finally present a typical use case based on the new detection and observation abilities that UAVs can bring to rescue teams. Although this approach still has limits that have to be addressed, technically speaking as well as operationally speaking, it seems to be a very promising one to enhance disaster management efforts activities.

Conference paper (PDF, 3173 KB)

Citation: Tanzi, T. J., Chandra, M., Isnard, J., Camara, D., Sebastien, O., and Harivelo, F.: TOWARDS "DRONE-BORNE" DISASTER MANAGEMENT: FUTURE APPLICATION SCENARIOS, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., III-8, 181-189, doi:10.5194/isprs-annals-III-8-181-2016, 2016.

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