VALIDATION STUDY ON ALOS PRISM DSM MOSAIC AND ASTER GDEM 2
- 1Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
- 2Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan (RESTEC), Tokyo, Japan
Keywords: DEM/DTM, Global, Satellite, Instruments, Performance
Abstract. This study aims to evaluate height accuracy of two datasets obtained by spaceborne optical instruments of a digital elevation data for a large-scale area. The digital surface model (DSM) was generated by the Panchromatic Remote-sensing Instrument for Stereo Mapping (PRISM) onboard the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS, nicknamed 'Daichi'), and the global digital elevation model (DEM) version 2 (GDEM-2) was derived from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) onboard NASA's TERRA satellite. The test site of this study was the entire country of Bhutan, which is located on the southern slopes of the eastern Himalayas. Bhutan is not a large country, covering about 330 km from east to west, and 170 km from north to south; however, it has large height variation from 200 m to more than 7,000 m. This therefore makes it very interesting for validating digital topographic information in terms of national scale generation as well as wide height range.
Regarding the reference data, field surveys were conducted in 2010 and 2011, and collected ground control points by a global positioning system were used for evaluating precise height accuracies in point scale as check points (CPs), with a 3 arc-sec DEM created by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM-3) used to validate the wide region. The results confirmed a root mean square error of 8.1 m for PRISM DSM and 29.4 m for GDEM-2 by CPs.