OBJECT-LEVEL CHANGE DETECTION BASED ON HIGH-RESOLUTION REMOTE-SENSING IMAGES AND ITS APPLICATION IN JAPANESE EARTHQUAKE ON MARCH 11, 2011
- State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
Keywords: Object-level, High-resolution images, Change detection, Multi-scale segmentation, Change vector analysis
Abstract. In accordance with the characteristics of change detection based on high-resolution remote-sensing images, this paper has put forward an object-level change detection method that is based on multi-feature integration and can take into account the properties of different types of object. This method classifies the most essential change information in applications into artificial objects related change information, water-related change information and vegetation-related change information. Direct association of object types and radiation, texture and geometric features is established by analyzing the characteristics of the three types of objects. During the application of object-level change detection method, first, feature vectors of objects are constructed by controlling the weight of radiation, texture and geometric features in different ways; then feature vectors of objects in multi-temporal images are analyzed with the method of object change vector analysis to obtain the change information of object types that are sensitive to a certain feature. In order to verify the validity of this method, this paper uses the high-resolution remote-sensing images from the Internet captured before and after the Japanese earthquake on March 11, 2011 to conduct some change detection experiments based on multifeature integration. Damage information is extracted and by controlling the weight of features, building damage, damage caused by submergence of seawater and vegetation damage are detected respectively. Experiments show that the method and processing put forward in this paper, flexible, practical and adaptable, are effective in such applications as the extraction of information about damage caused by earthquake and tsunami, and investigation of land use change.