Volume II-4/W2
ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-4/W2, 185-192, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-II-4-W2-185-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-4/W2, 185-192, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-II-4-W2-185-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  14 Jul 2015

14 Jul 2015

SPATIO-TEMPORAL PATTERN ANALYSIS FOR REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE USING MATHEMATICAL MORPHOLOGY

M. Das and S. K. Ghosh M. Das and S. K. Ghosh
  • School of Information Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India

Keywords: Climate Change, Spatio-temporal Pattern, Mathematical Morphology, Directional Granulometry, Multifractal Analysis

Abstract. Of late, significant changes in climate with their grave consequences have posed great challenges on humankind. Thus, the detection and assessment of climatic changes on a regional scale is gaining importance, since it helps to adopt adequate mitigation and adaptation measures. In this paper, we have presented a novel approach for detecting spatio-temporal pattern of regional climate change by exploiting the theory of mathematical morphology. At first, the various climatic zones in the region have been identified by using multifractal cross-correlation analysis (MF-DXA) of different climate variables of interest. Then, the directional granulometry with four different structuring elements has been studied to detect the temporal changes in spatial distribution of the identified climatic zones in the region and further insights have been drawn with respect to morphological uncertainty index and Hurst exponent. The approach has been evaluated with the daily time series data of land surface temperature (LST) and precipitation rate, collected from Microsoft Research - Fetch Climate Explorer, to analyze the spatio-temporal climatic pattern-change in the Eastern and North-Eastern regions of India throughout four quarters of the 20th century.