A REAL-TIME GIS PLATFORM FOR HIGH SOUR GAS LEAKAGE SIMULATION, EVALUATION AND VISUALIZATION
- 1Institute of Remote Sensing and Geography Information System, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
- 2NSF Spatiotemporal Innovation Center and Department of Geography and GeoInformation Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
Keywords: Real-time GIS, Emergency Response, CALPUFF, Hydrogen Sulphide, Gas Dispersion Simulation, Well Blow
Abstract. The development of high-sulfur gas fields, also known as sour gas field, is faced with a series of safety control and emergency management problems. The GIS-based emergency response system is placed high expectations under the consideration of high pressure, high content, complex terrain and highly density population in Sichuan Basin, southwest China. The most researches on high hydrogen sulphide gas dispersion simulation and evaluation are used for environmental impact assessment (EIA) or emergency preparedness planning. This paper introduces a real-time GIS platform for high-sulfur gas emergency response. Combining with real-time data from the leak detection systems and the meteorological monitoring stations, GIS platform provides the functions of simulating, evaluating and displaying of the different spatial-temporal toxic gas distribution patterns and evaluation results. This paper firstly proposes the architecture of Emergency Response/Management System, secondly explains EPA’s Gaussian dispersion model CALPUFF simulation workflow under high complex terrain and real-time data, thirdly explains the emergency workflow and spatial analysis functions of computing the accident influencing areas, population and the optimal evacuation routes. Finally, a well blow scenarios is used for verify the system. The study shows that GIS platform which integrates the real-time data and CALPUFF models will be one of the essential operational platforms for high-sulfur gas fields emergency management.