ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., III-7, 219-226, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-annals-III-7-219-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
07 Jun 2016
ANALYSIS OF SCATTERING COMPONENTS FROM FULLY POLARIMETRIC SAR IMAGES FOR IMPROVING ACCURACIES OF URBAN DENSITY ESTIMATION
J. Susaki Department of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan
Keywords: Urban scattering, fully polarimetric SAR, probability density function, normalization of scattering, four component decomposition Abstract. In this paper, we analyze probability density functions (PDFs) of scatterings derived from fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images for improving the accuracies of estimated urban density. We have reported a method for estimating urban density that uses an index Tv+c obtained by normalizing the sum of volume and helix scatterings Pv+c. Validation results showed that estimated urban densities have a high correlation with building-to-land ratios (Kajimoto and Susaki, 2013b; Susaki et al., 2014). While the method is found to be effective for estimating urban density, it is not clear why Tv+c is more effective than indices derived from other scatterings, such as surface or double-bounce scatterings, observed in urban areas. In this research, we focus on PDFs of scatterings derived from fully polarimetric SAR images in terms of scattering normalization. First, we introduce a theoretical PDF that assumes that image pixels have scatterers showing random backscattering. We then generate PDFs of scatterings derived from observations of concrete blocks with different orientation angles, and from a satellite-based fully polarimetric SAR image. The analysis of the PDFs and the derived statistics reveals that the curves of the PDFs of Pv+c are the most similar to the normal distribution among all the scatterings derived from fully polarimetric SAR images. It was found that Tv+c works most effectively because of its similarity to the normal distribution.
Conference paper (PDF, 2569 KB)


Citation: Susaki, J.: ANALYSIS OF SCATTERING COMPONENTS FROM FULLY POLARIMETRIC SAR IMAGES FOR IMPROVING ACCURACIES OF URBAN DENSITY ESTIMATION, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., III-7, 219-226, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-annals-III-7-219-2016, 2016.

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