MODELLING PARTICIPATORY GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR CUSTOMARY LAND CONFLICT RESOLUTION
- 1Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
- 2Department of Geomatic Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
- 3Faculty of Mineral Resource Technology, University of Mines & Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana
Keywords: Participatory GIS, Customary, Land, Conflict Resolution
Abstract. Since land contributes to about 73 % of most countries Gross Domestic Product (GDP), attention on land rights have tremendously increased globally. Conflicts over land have therefore become part of the major problems associated with land administration. However, the conventional mechanisms for land conflict resolution do not provide satisfactory result to disputants due to various factors. This study sought to develop a Framework of using Participatory Geographic Information System (PGIS) for customary land conflict resolution. The framework was modelled using Unified Modelling Language (UML). The PGIS framework, called butterfly model, consists of three units namely, Social Unit (SU), Technical Unit (TU) and Decision Making Unit (DMU). The name butterfly model for land conflict resolution was adopted for the framework based on its features and properties. The framework has therefore been recommended to be adopted for land conflict resolution in customary areas.