Volume IV-4/W7 | Copyright
ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W7, 27-34, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  20 Sep 2018

20 Sep 2018


J. Chen J. Chen
  • Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA

Keywords: indoor mapping, level of detail, city modeling, CityGML, GIS, BIM

Abstract. One major challenge in creating indoor maps involves defining their levels of detail or LODs. While a consensus has emerged that indoor maps have at least two types of LODs, semantic and geometric, questions remain regarding their nature, their partitioning, and their relationships with each other as well as with other forms of LOD. Since semantics deals with the meanings of things, semantic LODs (SLODs) deal with the definition, classification, and partitioning of mapped entities. Unlike geometric LODs that are amenable to automation, SLODs have a more qualitative nature that defies automation and requires the careful application of human judgment. This paper proposes a framework for organizing semantic LODs by first classifying them based on the tangibility of mapped entities (i.e., intangible open spaces versus tangible physical features comprised of building structures and equipment and furnishings) and then partitioning each class based on the idea of permanence, defined here as an entity’s tendency to remain stationary over time. A cartographic process for integrating SLODs with geometric and appearance LODs is also introduced along with several examples.

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