TECHNIQUES FOR MOSAICS DOCUMENTATION THROUGH PHOTOGRAMMETRY DATA ACQUISITION. THE BYZANTINE MOSAICS OF THE NATIVITY CHURCH
- Dept. Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Pavia, Italy
Keywords: documentation strategies, photogrammetry, mosaics survey, UNESCO, Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem
Abstract. This paper describes a sequence of actions developed to guarantee a reliable and suitable dataset for the creation of detailed ortho images of Nativity Church mosaics. During acquisition campaigns, different photogrammetric techniques were tested, and different survey instruments were compared to improve the quality of the data obtained. The different outputs allow the adjustment of the instrument parameters and the acquisition methods, to structure a methodological process aimed at obtaining an accurate level of detail to describe the individual mosaic tile.
From the realization of a reliable photomosaics an automatic vectorization system has been developed. This process, aimed at digitizing the tiles of the Church walls and the pavement mosaics, responds to a documentation and management purpose and to an objective of structuring a data acquisition method and post-production that can be replicated on other mosaic contexts.