INTEGRATION BETWEEN BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND SITES: HISTORIC-BIM-GIS
- Dept. of Architecture, Built environment and Construction engineering (ABC), Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milan, Italy
Keywords: BIM, GIS, Cartography, Digital recording, Georeferencing, Heritage, Information, Integration, Open Data
Abstract. The paper presents a novel prototype of integrated Historic BIM-GIS able to deal with multi-source, -scale, and -temporal information. It combines elements from the cartographic scale to a more detailed level of detail towards the building. It can be defined as a 3D virtual environment with an associate (geo)database able to encapsulate heterogeneous data not limited to products derived from the geometric survey, notwithstanding digital recording and its deliverables play a fundamental role. The system also provides a good interoperability level so that BIM and GIS software can exchange information, avoiding the implementation of functions and tools already available in other software packages. The example proposed in this contribution is related to the system of fortified structures around the city of Sondrio. Here, a single 3D environment was developed to encapsulate information from the cartographic level in an area of more than 135 km2 to the scale of 1:1 for specific architectural elements.